Category Archives: School

What are the Common Core State Standards?


You may have heard the phrase Common Core in regards to your school district’s curriculum. Here are the basics that are relevant to parents of children in American public and many private schools.

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) are a set of educational expectations for all American students to meet at each grade level (K-12). Before the CCSS, educational curriculum was left up to each state, so standards varied from state to state. Now, 46 states are implementing the CCSS. They are goals for learning that are commensurate with other top-performing nations and focus instruction on the skills and content predicted to prepare students for college and career. The subjects included are English Language Arts and Mathematics and focus on understanding more than memorization. They are  designed to be clear and concise so that teachers, parents, and students know what is expected.

Ideally, the CCSS will foster equity in the level of core instruction every student receives regardless of where he or she lives. In addition, it should enable collaboration between states on tools and policies (e.g., textbooks, assessment systems, teacher training).

Critics assert that the CCSS imposes too much federal governmental control over education. However, the CCSS were not developed by the federal government.  “States across the country collaborated with teachers, researchers, and leading experts to design and develop the CCSS.” –

Another criticism of the CCSS is that it will perpetuate the high stakes testing movement and teachers being compelled to “teach to the test.” Currently, data collection is not required in order to implement the CCSS. Assessment is left up to the state. However, assessments based on the CCSS are being developed and will be available for the 2014-15 school year. In the meantime, schools will continue to administer state assessments as they begin to implement the CCSS.

The National PTA has posted a Parents’ Guide to Student Success with grade-specific information, activities, and tips.

Do you think the Common Core State Standards initiative is good for education in America? What are your thoughts on how it will affect your kids?

Starting Kindergarten

My “baby” is starting kindergarten in September and he’s a bit apprehensive. When we talk about it, he expresses his worry about the things that are unfamiliar to him. The bus, his new teacher, and his new classmates are things that seem to be on his mind. Commonly, a child’s anxiety about starting school has to do with uncertainty about what to expect. So, preparation is key if you want to set your kindergartner up for a good start. Here’s what I’ve learned as a school psychologist and as a mom.

Tips for Starting Kindergarten

  • Talk in a positive way about starting school. This rule should prevail all year long. When you say things like, “Ugh, I hate homework” or “Yuck, it’s almost time to go back to school,” you slowly strengthen the belief that learning is boring and painful, instead of fun and rewarding. So, focus on the things she likes, such as making new friends or playing games and sports.
  • Set up a time for your child to see inside his new school. Even better, tour the classroom and introduce him to the teacher.
  • Let her teacher know about your child’s apprehension about school. The teacher will be glad to have prior knowledge of her worries and may be able to ease her fears from Day 1.
  • Go shopping for school supplies with your child and try to find a couple of items he or she will be excited about, like a Superhero backpack, a personalized lunchbox, princess folders.
  • Help your child pick out a first day of school outfit he will be proud of. For example, if your child hates collared shirts (like mine does), compromise with a preppy t-shirt. Now’s not the time to fight that battle.
  • Practice reading and writing all summer. If he can’t do either on his own, DON’T put pressure on him to do so by the end of the summer. Instead, take baby steps. Insist he complete a task you know he can do once a day, like draw a picture after you have read him a book. Praise his hard work and build upon his successes with assignments of increasing difficulty.
  • Make play-dates now and when school starts. They may not become best friends, but the more familiar she can be with her classmates, the more invested she will be in attending class.
  • Be prepared parents! Check the deadlines and event dates and be on time for them. Don’t burden your child with the stress of missing the bus or misplacing important materials.
  • When you drop off your nervous child or get him on the bus, make your goodbyes short, sweet, and positive. Rather than following your child all the way to the classroom or indulging in “one more” tearful hug, give him one big hug, tell him it’s time to go with a smile, and get out of sight. If you give him and inch, he’ll take a mile!  Give him the slightest idea that you might stay or comfort him endlessly, and he will continue to be upset. Faculty at your school can be helpful, especially if forewarned, to help guide your child away from you and to the classroom and care for him until he gets more comfortable.
  • Set aside time every evening for your child to work with a caregiver to work on homework and reflect on her day. Start teaching good time management skills early.
  • Keep your own nerves in check. Your kindergartener will pick up on your anxiety, so speak positively about the new school year while creating excitement, not worry. Remember that most kids warm up to kindergarten within the first few weeks, so hang in there!

What’s your advice (or your worry) about you kids starting school?